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Fever Treatment and medicine

FEVER

Fever known also as pyrexia is a common medical sign of many conditions; characterized by
an elevation of temperature above the normal range of 36.5-37.5o
C

Diagnosis/Symptoms

Fever is usually accompanied by sickness behavior such as:

 Depression
 Lethargy
 Anorexia
 Sleepiness
 Hyperalgesia
 Inability to concentrate
 Other symptoms include: feeling cold, increased muscle tone and shivering
Treatment guidelines.

Give antipyretic medicines: Paracetamol, Ibuprofen or Aspirin (For dosage, look under pain
section above)
Hyperpyrexia
It is a fever with an extreme elevation of body temperature greater than 41.5o
c. Infections are
the most common cause of fevers, however as the temperature rises other causes become
more general.
Note: Hyperpyrexia is considered a medical emergency as it may indicate a serious underlying
conditions.

Management

 Keep the patients adequately hydrated as the most significant risk of complications is
dehydration
 If the temperature reads extremely high, aggressive cooling is required.

Treatment

 The antipyretic ibuprofen is effective in reducing fever in children
 Ibuprofen and paracetamol may be used together in children
CAUTION‼ Aspirin is not recommended in children and young adult, under 16 years due to
risk of Reye’s syndrome.

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