Fever known also as pyrexia is a common medical sign of many conditions; characterized by
an elevation of temperature above the normal range of 36.5-37.5o
Fever is usually accompanied by sickness behavior such as:
Inability to concentrate
Other symptoms include: feeling cold, increased muscle tone and shivering
Give antipyretic medicines: Paracetamol, Ibuprofen or Aspirin (For dosage, look under pain
It is a fever with an extreme elevation of body temperature greater than 41.5o
c. Infections are
the most common cause of fevers, however as the temperature rises other causes become
Note: Hyperpyrexia is considered a medical emergency as it may indicate a serious underlying
Keep the patients adequately hydrated as the most significant risk of complications is
If the temperature reads extremely high, aggressive cooling is required.
The antipyretic ibuprofen is effective in reducing fever in children
Ibuprofen and paracetamol may be used together in children
CAUTION‼ Aspirin is not recommended in children and young adult, under 16 years due to
risk of Reye’s syndrome.